hearing in to context. i thank all the witnesses for your testimony. there's been a great deal of interest at the hearing. you can see from the attendance, a large number of individuals and organizations have submitted testimony for today's hearing including the naacp. , the leadership conference on civil and human right, the center for media and democracy, america's essential hospitals and the american academy of pediatric, the only counsel against handgun violation, the education fund, the newtown action alliance, moms demand action, and many, many more. they'll be included in the record without objection. i also like to say that when solicitation was set out for those members publicly listed members of al throbbing tell me their status or position on this volunteering, if they wish, that information some ask their statement be part of the record. they will at the request. those who didn't make the request will not be included.